Occupational and environmental medicine
Occupational and environmental medicine is a research area studying the significance of environmental factors and exposure on human health in a wide context, covering all age groups. The environmental factors can be from the workplace, the indoor environment, or the outdoor environment. The type of exposures can be physical, chemical, biological, psychosocial or organisational. The research methodology mainly includes epidemiological methods, either in specific groups or in the general population, as well as experimental intervention field studies.
The research is focused on health effects of the indoor environment and outdoor environment, with respect to asthma, ocular and respiratory symptoms, rhinitis and allergic symptoms. The indoor studies have covered schools, day care centres, hospitals, dwelling, and stables. In various research project effects on airways, ionizing radiation, physical activity and noise linked to auditory are investigated. Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, and the contribution of these chemicals to potential progression of major common diseases are also studied. Furthermore, our research is focusing on work organization, social factors including immigrant and workplace design, and their importance for the good work environment, health and productivity. We also develop and use different measurements of physical activity, lung function, sleep and organizational justice.
We have an international profile with contacts with various research groups in Europe and are involved in EU-financed projects. Furthermore, there are bilateral research collaborations with Estonia, Norway, Iran, China, Japan, Korea, Singapore and Canada. There have also been collaborations in teaching, including development of courses in occupational and environmental medicine in the Baltic States and Russia. We have also been consulted by WHO, Europe and the European Commission as experts on indoor environment and health.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala
The Occupational and Environmental Medicine (OEM) unit is comprised of a unit at the Department of Medical Sciences and a clinical unit at the Uppsala University Hospital serving the Counties of Uppsala, Dalarna and Gävleborg. The main task for occupational and environmental medicine today is to find exposures at workplaces and in the indoor and outdoor environment which may affect human beings in a negative or positive way.
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